Management Essentials By Aashish Pahwa / December 17, 2017 Directing the efforts of the team towards a definite purpose or a goal involves the use of many managerial styles and strategies. These styles involve setting up a vision, mentoring, directing or setting high goals by being an expert.One such managerial style is the micromanagement style where the manager micromanages every aspect of his subordinates’ work. What Is Micromanagement?Micromanagement is a management style characterized by excessive control and attention to details to the works of subordinates or employees. It is a state where the manager closely observes and controls everything a subordinate or an employee does in the organization.Usually, micromanagement is said to be a characteristic of a directive manager and considered to have a negative connotation. Nevertheless, it is one of the most common management style found in the organizations all over the world.Who Is A Micromanager?A micromanager is someone who lacks trust and micromanages every activity of his subordinate/employee. He is an autocratic manager who: Strongly believes in a top-down decision-making processGets too involved in the work of his subordinatesIs hardly satisfied with the subordinates’ outputsWants the subordinates to follow “do it as I say approach”Asks for frequent updates on the taskGive a lot of attention to the detailsFinds correcting others funSigns Of MicromanagementChecking that the subordinates and employees are doing the right thing and making sure that the work is getting done is an important task of every manager. But paying attention to even irrelevant details and making sure the work is getting done every time and at every place is one of the signs of micromanagement. The other signs of micromanagement are:Focusing more on details rather than the end productPushing aside the qualification and experience of othersFailing to delegate most of the workGetting too involved in the work of the subordinates or employeesDemotivating the team over petty issuesFinding it fun to correct othersEffects Of MicromanagementApplying the same level of scrutiny, intensity and forcing the subordinates to follow do-as-I-say approach harms the productivity and demotivates the employees. In fact, micromanagement is one of the key reasons why employee resigns from the organization. There are many negative effects of micromanagement:Low employee moraleHigh employee turnoverEmployees tend to depend more on the managerLess productivityLess creativity in the organisationEmployees lose the trust in the managerJob dissatisfaction among employeesLow scope of learning for employeesExamples Of MicromanagementThere are many situations in the life of a manager where he has to micromanage. However, an excess of micromanagement leads to its negative effects. Here are the following examples of micromanagement:Asking employees to take his permission for everything – It’s important for the manager to know what’s going on in the organization but asking the employees to take his permission before every step is a sign of micromanagement.Constantly asking for updates on work even when the deadline isn’t near – Micromanagers pay too much attention to detail and give very less autonomy to the subordinates. They want the work to be done in a way they would have done it. Oversee every work – Micromanagers make themselves the beginning, centre, and end of every interaction. They want every work to be overseen by them which, most of the times, hamper the productivity of the team as they have to wait for hours to get manager’s approval.How To Avoid Micromanagement?Even though it is hard for many but there are ways to avoid micromanaging. These include: Proper delegation of tasksFocusing on the end result rather than the minute detailsBelieving in the qualification and experience of the teamDevelop a solid line of communication with the teamIgnore some minor employee errorsDevelop a work policy or work procedure manualIndustries Where Micromanagement Is SuitedMicromanagement is advantageous in some short-term situations like crisis and emergencies, and also in many industries like mining, manufacturing plants, military, etc. where close supervision is important for the well-being of the organization and the employees.Go On, Tell Us What You Think!Did we miss something? Come on! Tell us what you think about our article in the comments section.